WASHINGTON — Seven Saudis concerned within the killing of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi belonged to an elite unit charged with defending Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, in keeping with a declassified report on the assassination launched on Friday. The New York Instances has linked the group to a brutal marketing campaign to crush dissent inside the dominion and overseas, citing interviews with American officers who’ve learn labeled intelligence reviews concerning the marketing campaign.
The function of operatives from the so-called Speedy Intervention Pressure, or R.I.F., within the Khashoggi killing helped bolster the American intelligence case that Prince Mohammed accredited the operation. “Members of the R.I.F. wouldn’t have participated” within the killing with out the crown prince’s consent, in keeping with the report.
The group “exists to defend the crown prince” and “solutions solely to him” the report stated, and on Friday, the Treasury Division designated the Speedy Intervention Pressure for financial sanctions for its function within the Khashoggi killing.
Right here is a few of what’s recognized concerning the unit:
The killing of Mr. Khashoggi was however one significantly egregious operation involving members of the group. The Speedy Intervention Pressure seems to have begun its violent marketing campaign in 2017, the 12 months when Prince Mohammed pushed apart his older rival to grow to be inheritor to the Saudi throne.
In line with American officers, the group has carried out dozens of operations each inside the dominion and past — together with forcibly repatriating Saudis from different Arab international locations. The group additionally seems to have been concerned within the detention and abuse of outstanding girls’s rights activists who had campaigned for lifting the dominion’s ban on girls driving. One in all them, Loujain al-Hathloul, was imprisoned in 2018 and released solely this month.
One other of the ladies detained by the group, a college lecturer, tried to kill herself in 2018 after being subjected to psychological torture, in keeping with American officers. A few of the detainees have been held briefly inside an opulent palace belonging to Prince Mohammed and his father, King Salman.
The group was so busy that, in June 2018, its subject commander requested an adviser to Prince Mohammed whether or not the Speedy Intervention Pressure may get bonuses for Eid al-Fitr, the vacation marking the tip of the holy month of Ramadan, in keeping with American officers who’ve learn an intelligence report that mentions the request.
Management and Operatives
The group was overseen by Saud al-Qahtani, one of many crown prince’s high aides who served as a media czar for the Royal Courtroom. One in all Mr. al-Qahtani’s roles was to handle the dominion’s “troll farms” — organizations that used legions of online bots and avatars to smother the voices of outstanding critics like Mr. Khashoggi. The intelligence report launched on Friday made reference to a 2018 quote from Mr. al-Qahtani that he “didn’t make choices with out the crown prince’s approval.”
American officers stated the sector commander for the Speedy Intervention Pressure was Maher Abdulaziz Mutreb, an intelligence officer who typically traveled abroad with Prince Mohammed. One other operative on the staff, Thaar Ghaleb al-Harbi, was a member of the Saudi Royal Guard who in 2017 was promoted for acts of valor throughout an assault on certainly one of Prince Mohammed’s palaces.
The declassified report on Friday named all three males as a part of a gaggle of 21 individuals who “participated in, ordered or have been in any other case complicit in or accountable for the demise of Jamal Khashoggi” on behalf of the crown prince.
The Saudi authorities has lengthy denied that Prince Mohammed had any function in Mr. Khashoggi’s killing, and it put eight males on trial for it. The federal government by no means launched the names of the accused.
In September, a Saudi courtroom introduced that 5 of the boys had been sentenced to twenty years in jail, and three others obtained lesser sentences. A few of the defendants had initially obtained demise sentences, however these sentences have been lifted after certainly one of Mr. Khashoggi’s sons stated publicly that he and his siblings had pardoned the boys who killed their father.
It was unclear whether or not any members of the Speedy Intervention Pressure have been placed on trial or sentenced, however Mr. al-Qahtani was publicly exonerated by the Saudi authorities as a result of prosecutors stated there was inadequate proof to attempt him in Mr. Khashoggi’s killing.